1 Corinthians 12



1 Corinthians 12 teaches about the diversity of spiritual gifts within the body of Christ. Paul emphasizes the unity and interdependence of believers, using the metaphor of a body with many parts. Love is presented as the essential virtue, guiding the exercise of spiritual gifts for the common good and the edification of the church.


  1. Diverse Spiritual Gifts (1 Corinthians 12:1-11): Paul begins by emphasizing the diversity of spiritual gifts, given by the Holy Spirit for the common good of the church. He lists various gifts, including wisdom, knowledge, faith, healing, miracles, prophecy, discernment, tongues, and interpretation of tongues.
  2. One Body with Many Members (1 Corinthians 12:12-27): Paul uses the analogy of the human body to illustrate the interconnectedness and interdependence of believers within the church. Just as a body has many parts with different functions, so the church is one body with many members. Each member is essential, and all contribute to the overall health and functioning of the body.
  3. The Priority of Love (1 Corinthians 12:28-31): Paul emphasizes the importance of love as the greatest virtue and encourages the Corinthians to pursue the more excellent way of love. While spiritual gifts are valuable, they should be exercised in the context of love. Paul also mentions the hierarchy of gifts within the church and encourages believers to desire the greater gifts.