1 John 3



1 John 3 addresses themes such as the transformative nature of being children of God, the contrast between righteousness and sin, the practical demonstration of love, confidence in prayer, discerning between the spirit of truth and the spirit of error, and the profound nature of God's love.


  1. Children of God and Righteous Living (1 John 3:1-3): John emphasizes the incredible love that God has bestowed upon believers, calling them His children. He anticipates the future transformation when believers will be like Christ and encourage them to purify themselves in the present.
  2. Sin and Righteousness (1 John 3:4-10): John discusses the nature of sin and righteousness. He clarifies that sin is lawlessness, and those who continue in sin do not know God. He contrasts the children of God, who practice righteousness and love one another, with the children of the devil, who engage in sin.
  3. Love in Action (1 John 3:11-18): John reiterates the importance of loving one another as a core characteristic of believers. He uses the example of Cain and Abel to highlight the contrast between love and hatred. True love involves sacrificial actions, and believers should be willing to lay down their lives for one another.
  4. Assurance and Confidence in Prayer (1 John 3:19-24): John reassures believers that their hearts can have confidence before God, even when they feel condemned. He emphasizes the importance of keeping God's commandments and doing what pleases Him. Confidence in prayer comes from aligning one's will with God's will.
  5. Spirit of Truth and Spirit of Error (1 John 3:25-4:6): John warns against false spirits and encourages believers to test the spirits to discern whether they are from God. The spirit of truth acknowledges Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh, while the spirit of error denies this truth.
  6. God's Love and Commandment (1 John 4:7-21): John elaborates on the theme of love, stating that God is love. Believers, having experienced God's love, are called to love one another. Love is a reflection of God's nature, and it casts out fear. Believers are to love because God first loved them.