1 Peter 5



1 Peter 5 addresses the role of elders in the church, emphasizes humility among believers, encourages resistance against the devil, and assures believers of God's restoration and strength in the face of suffering. The letter concludes with greetings and a final benediction.


  1. Instructions to Elders (1 Peter 5:1-4): Peter addresses the elders in the community, urging them to shepherd the flock willingly, not for personal gain but out of a desire to serve. He encourages them to be examples to the flock, and when the Chief Shepherd appears, they will receive the crown of glory.
  2. Instructions to Younger Members (1 Peter 5:5-7): Peter advises the younger members of the community to submit to the elders and to one another. He encourages humility, reminding them that God opposes the proud but gives grace to the humble. Believers are encouraged to cast their anxieties on God, trusting in His care.
  3. Standing Firm in Faith (1 Peter 5:8-11): Peter warns believers to be sober-minded and watchful because the devil prowls like a roaring lion, seeking to devour. He encourages them to resist the devil, standing firm in faith. The suffering experienced is shared by other believers worldwide, and after a little while, God will restore, confirm, strengthen, and establish them.
  4. Final Greetings and Benediction (1 Peter 5:12-14): Peter concludes the letter with greetings from the church in Babylon, possibly a coded reference to Rome. Silvanus is mentioned as the one who delivered the letter. Peter sends greetings from Mark and extends peace to the believers, closing with a benediction praising God through Jesus Christ.