1 Timothy 2



1 Timothy 2 addresses the conduct of believers in public worship, emphasizing the importance of prayer, modesty, and order. Paul provides specific instructions regarding the roles of men and women in the church, rooted in theological principles such as the desire for salvation for all and the order of creation.


  1. Prayer and Intercession (1 Timothy 2:1-7): Paul urges believers to offer prayers, supplications, and intercessions for all people, including kings and those in authority. The goal is to lead a peaceful and quiet life, godly and dignified in every way. Paul emphasizes God's desire for all people to be saved and come to the knowledge of the truth, and he asserts the unique role of Jesus Christ as the mediator between God and humanity.
  2. Instructions for Women (1 Timothy 2:8-15): Paul provides instructions for the conduct of women in the context of public worship. He encourages women to dress modestly and not with elaborate hairstyles or jewelry but with good works, emphasizing the importance of godliness. Paul states that women should learn quietly with all submissiveness and should not have authority over men in the church. He references the order of creation as the basis for these instructions.
  3. Paul's Authority and Exhortations (1 Timothy 2:11-15): Paul asserts his authority as an apostle and teacher and expresses the theological reasoning behind his instructions. He references the creation order, Adam and Eve, to explain the role distinctions between men and women. He notes that women will be saved through childbearing, highlighting the general faithfulness and sanctification found in a life devoted to God.


2.1-4 The Reason For Prayer


"I exhort therefore, first of all, that petitions, prayers, intercessions, and givings of thanks be made for all men, for kings and all who are in high places, that we may lead a tranquil and quiet life in all godliness and reverence. For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all people to be saved and come to full knowledge of the truth."


Paul encourages believers to engage in various forms of prayer, including petitions, prayers, intercession, and thanksgiving. The focus is on praying for all people. Let's define what these different forms of communication with God are:


  1. Petitions (G1162): Communication with God that entails personal issues that appeal to Him for provision.

  2. Prayers (G4335): Communication with God that addresses Him, personally. That is, to focus on His Being.

  3. Intercessions (G1783): Communication with God that is for someone else.

  4. Thanksgivings (G2169): Communication with God that is in the form of praise of Him.


While there are different ways in which believers communicate with God, their main purpose for such intimate time with the Lord should be focused on the salvation of others (2 Peter 3:9). Paul reasons that we should pray for those in authority so that everyone can live in all godliness and holiness. We pray for those who have rule over us as a reminder that we serve God who has rule over them. When we get angry at political leaders and voice our disdain for their handling of certain affairs, we forget that it is God who is our ultimate Authority. Instead of wasting energy criticizing leaders, Paul says to pray to God on behalf of them. This is a remarkable response because it re-aligns our focus on God--not politics. Our communication with God will result in having a deeper relationship with Him that results in showing reverence or respect for God more. This increased consideration for Him will in turn bring about a holiness in our lives as well. This holiness is more a certain dignity that will precede our character in handling others with more grace.


Prayer should not be viewed as an obligation, but more as an opportunity to grow in the grace of God. In my walk with Christ, my initial prayers are often not in alignment with God. But through continued praying my understanding begins to align with Him more. This praying leads to reflecting on Him more and making intercessory prayer for others instead of the focus being heavily on myself (Matthew 6:33)


2.5-6 The Truth of The Gospel


"For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all, the testimony at the proper time, to which I was appointed a preacher and an apostle—I am telling the truth in Christ, not lying—a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and truth."


  1. One God, One Mediator: Paul asserts the fundamental truth that there is only one God. Furthermore, he emphasizes that there is one mediator between God and humanity, and that mediator is identified as the man Christ Jesus. This underscores the exclusive role of Jesus as the intermediary between humanity and God.

  2. Christ as the Mediator: The term "mediator" refers to someone who acts as an intermediary or go-between. In Christian theology, Jesus is considered the mediator who reconciles humanity with God. Through his sacrificial death on the cross, Jesus provides a way for people to approach God and find reconciliation.

  3. Ransom for All People: Paul declares that Jesus gave himself as a ransom for all people. The concept of ransom implies a payment made to release or redeem someone. Jesus' death on the cross is seen as a ransom paid to free humanity from the consequences of sin and separation from God.

  4. Witnessed at the Proper Time: Paul notes that this act of redemption through Jesus Christ has been witnessed to at the proper time. This likely refers to the historical context of Jesus' life, death, and resurrection as a fulfillment of God's plan for salvation.