2 Corinthians 13



2 Corinthians 13 contains Paul's final warnings, calls for self-examination, and exhortations for the Corinthians to live in harmony and peace. The chapter concludes with a benediction invoking the grace of Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit.


  1. Final Warning of Discipline (2 Corinthians 13:1-4): Paul warns the Corinthians that he is coming to them for the third time and will not be lenient. He reminds them of the principle of establishing a matter by the testimony of two or three witnesses, expressing confidence that, if necessary, Christ's power will be evident through him.
  2. Examination of Faith (2 Corinthians 13:5-10): Paul urges the Corinthians to examine themselves to see whether they are truly in the faith. He encourages them to test themselves and assures them that his desire is for their perfection, not for punishment. He expresses hope that they will do what is right, even if he appears to fail the test.
  3. Final Greetings and Benediction (2 Corinthians 13:11-14): Paul concludes with a series of exhortations: to rejoice, aim for restoration, comfort one another, agree with one another, live in peace, and greet one another with a holy kiss. He prays for the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit to be with them all.