2 Timothy 4



2 Timothy 4 contains Paul's final instructions and reflections on his own life and imminent death. It emphasizes the importance of preaching the Word, remaining faithful in the face of challenges, and anticipating the reward of righteousness from the Lord. The chapter also reflects Paul's personal situation and relationships with fellow believers.


  1. Charge to Preach the Word (2 Timothy 4:1-5): Paul solemnly charges Timothy to preach the Word, being ready in season and out of season, reproving, rebuking, and exhorting with complete patience and teaching. He forewarns of a time when people will not endure sound teaching but will accumulate for themselves teachers who suit their own passions.
  2. Paul's Personal Situation (2 Timothy 4:6-8): Paul reflects on his own life, stating that he is already being poured out as a drink offering, and the time of his departure is at hand. He expresses confidence that he has fought the good fight, finished the race, and kept the faith. He anticipates receiving the crown of righteousness from the Lord, the righteous judge.
  3. Request for Timothy's Presence (2 Timothy 4:9-18): Paul mentions various individuals and circumstances. He requests Timothy's presence, asking him to come before winter. Paul notes that Demas has deserted him, but Luke is with him. He also mentions that Alexander the coppersmith did him harm. Paul recounts his trial before the Roman authorities but expresses gratitude for the Lord's deliverance.
  4. Final Greetings and Benediction (2 Timothy 4:19-22): Paul sends greetings to various individuals and conveys final blessings to Timothy. He mentions Prisca and Aquila, Eubulus, Pudens, Linus, and Claudia. Paul concludes with a prayer that the Lord be with Timothy's spirit and grace be with all.