Acts 22



Acts 22 presents Paul's defense before the Jewish crowd in Jerusalem, where he recounts his conversion and mission to the Gentiles. The mention of his mission triggers a violent reaction from the crowd, leading to his arrest and eventual revelation of his Roman citizenship, which plays a crucial role in the unfolding events.


  1. Paul's Defense before the Jewish Crowd (Acts 22:1-21): Standing on the steps of the barracks, Paul addresses the Jewish crowd in Jerusalem in the Hebrew language. He shares his personal testimony, recounting his background as a zealous Pharisee, his persecution of the followers of Jesus, and his encounter with the risen Christ on the road to Damascus. Paul emphasizes that Jesus commissioned him to be an apostle to the Gentiles.
  2. Outcry against Paul (Acts 22:22-23): As Paul mentions his mission to the Gentiles, the crowd listens until he uses the term "Gentiles." At this point, they erupt in anger, considering Gentiles unworthy. The Roman commander orders Paul to be brought into the barracks and examined by flogging to find out why the crowd is so incensed.
  3. Paul's Roman Citizenship (Acts 22:24-30): As the soldiers prepare to flog Paul, he reveals that he is a Roman citizen. The Roman commander, alarmed by this revelation, decides not to proceed with the flogging. The next day, he summons the chief priests and the Sanhedrin to hear Paul's case.