Galatians 2



Galatians 2 focuses on Paul's interaction with the apostles in Jerusalem, the incident in Antioch, and the central theme of justification by faith rather than by adherence to the law. The chapter underscores the importance of living consistently with the gospel of grace.


  1. Paul's Visit to Jerusalem (Galatians 2:1-10): Fourteen years after his conversion, Paul goes to Jerusalem and meets with the apostles, presenting the gospel he preaches among the Gentiles. The apostles acknowledge Paul's mission to the Gentiles, and they extend the right hand of fellowship.

  2. Paul Confronts Peter (Galatians 2:11-14): Paul recounts an incident in Antioch where he opposed Peter for withdrawing from eating with Gentiles, fearing the circumcision party. Paul rebukes Peter for his hypocrisy and inconsistency in living out the gospel.

  3. Justification by Faith (Galatians 2:15-21): Paul emphasizes that justification comes through faith in Christ and not by observing the law. Believers are crucified with Christ and live by faith in the Son of God who loved them and gave Himself for them. Paul rejects the notion that righteousness comes through the law, stating that if righteousness could be attained through the law, then Christ died in vain.