Hebrews 3



Hebrews 3 underscores the superiority of Jesus over Moses and issues a warning against unbelief and disobedience. The focus is on the importance of maintaining faith and confidence in Christ, avoiding the pitfalls of unbelief that hindered the Israelites in the wilderness. Believers are encouraged to persevere and enter into God's promised rest through faith in Jesus Christ.


  1. Jesus, Superior to Moses (Hebrews 3:1-6): The author begins by comparing Jesus to Moses, acknowledging Moses' faithfulness as a servant in God's house. However, Jesus is described as the Son over God's house, and believers are considered part of that house if they hold firm to their confidence and the hope they boast in.
  2. Warning Against Unbelief (Hebrews 3:7-19): The author quotes Psalm 95, which recounts the Israelites' rebellion and unbelief in the wilderness. The warning is clear: "Today, if you hear his voice, do not harden your hearts." The author urges believers not to repeat the mistakes of the Israelites who provoked God through disobedience and unbelief.
  3. Exhortation to Persevere (Hebrews 3:12-14): The readers are encouraged to take heed and exhort one another daily to prevent the hardening of their hearts through the deceitfulness of sin. The importance of holding fast to the confidence and hope until the end is emphasized, for believers are considered partners with Christ if they remain steadfast.
  4. Rest and Disobedience (Hebrews 3:15-19): The chapter concludes by restating the connection between faith and entering God's rest. The Israelites in the wilderness failed to enter God's rest due to disobedience and unbelief. The author warns that some among the readers might fall short of entering God's rest if they follow the same pattern of disobedience.