Hebrews 9



Hebrews 9 underscores the limitations of the earthly tabernacle and the repeated sacrifices under the old covenant, contrasting them with the superiority of Christ's ministry, sacrifice, and the eternal redemption secured through His blood in the new covenant. Christ's sacrifice is portrayed as the final and perfect offering for the forgiveness of sins.


  1. Earthly Tabernacle and Its Limitations (Hebrews 9:1-10): The author describes the layout and rituals of the earthly tabernacle, emphasizing its symbolic nature and the need for repeated sacrifices. The Holy of Holies could only be entered by the high priest once a year with blood offerings for his sins and the sins of the people.

  2. Christ's Superior Ministry and Sacrifice (Hebrews 9:11-15): The author contrasts the limitations of the earthly tabernacle with the superiority of Christ's ministry. Jesus, as the High Priest, entered the greater and more perfect tabernacle in heaven, offering His own blood to cleanse believers from sin. His sacrifice is described as eternal and sufficient to purify the conscience.

  3. The New Covenant in Christ's Blood (Hebrews 9:16-28): The author introduces the concept that a covenant requires blood, drawing on the analogy of a will or testament. The shedding of blood is necessary for the forgiveness of sins. Christ's death inaugurates the new covenant, securing eternal redemption. His sacrifice is contrasted with the repeated offerings under the old covenant, bringing salvation once and for all.

  4. Christ's Final Sacrifice (Hebrews 9:23-28): The author reiterates the necessity of Christ's once-for-all sacrifice, emphasizing that He appeared once at the end of the ages to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself. His second coming is anticipated for salvation, not to deal with sin again but to bring salvation to those who are eagerly waiting for Him.