James 4



James 4 calls for humility, submission to God, and resisting the temptations of the world. It underscores the importance of right motives in prayer, avoiding conflicts rooted in selfish desires, and acknowledging God's sovereignty in our plans and actions. The chapter emphasizes the need for a humble and surrendered posture before God.


  1. Source of Conflicts (James 4:1-3): James addresses the source of conflicts and quarrels among believers, pointing to selfish desires and unchecked passions. He highlights that unchecked desires can lead to envy, fighting, and prayer that goes unanswered because it is motivated by wrong motives.

  2. Friendship with the World (James 4:4-6): James warns against being friends with the world, which is in opposition to God. He emphasizes that friendship with the world is enmity with God and encourages believers to submit to God and resist the devil.

  3. Drawing Near to God (James 4:7-10): James provides practical steps for believers to draw near to God. This includes submitting to God, resisting the devil, cleansing one's hands and purifying one's heart, mourning over sin, and humbling oneself before the Lord.

  4. Warning Against Judging Others (James 4:11-12): James advises against speaking evil against one another and judging others. He emphasizes that there is only one Lawgiver and Judge, and believers are not to take that role upon themselves.

  5. Boasting About Tomorrow (James 4:13-17): James addresses the arrogance of making plans without considering God's will. He warns against boasting about the future and encourages a humble acknowledgment of our dependence on God.