John 11



This chapter in John is significant for the dramatic and powerful miracle of raising Lazarus from the dead, showcasing Jesus's authority over life and death. It also marks a turning point in the Gospel narrative, leading to increased hostility from religious authorities and setting the stage for the events that will unfold in the subsequent chapters.


  1. The Death of Lazarus (John 11:1-16): Jesus receives news that his friend Lazarus is seriously ill. Instead of immediately going to Bethany, Jesus stays where he is for two more days. By the time he arrives, Lazarus has died, and Martha and Mary, Lazarus's sisters, express their disappointment.
  2. Jesus Raises Lazarus from the Dead (John 11:17-44): Jesus arrives at Bethany and finds that Lazarus has been in the tomb for four days. Martha expresses faith that God will do whatever Jesus asks. Jesus asks for the stone to be rolled away, and then he calls Lazarus to come out of the tomb. Lazarus emerges, still wrapped in burial cloths, alive. Many witnesses believe in Jesus as a result.
  3. Plot to Kill Jesus Intensifies (John 11:45-57): The news of Lazarus's resurrection spreads, causing many to believe in Jesus. However, it also intensifies the opposition among the religious leaders. The chief priests and Pharisees hold a council to discuss the growing influence of Jesus and the need to take action against him.