John 16



This chapter addresses the disciples' impending challenges, the promise of the Holy Spirit, and the transition from sorrow to joy. Jesus emphasizes the role of prayer, the love of the Father, and the ultimate victory over the difficulties the disciples will encounter in the world.


  1. The Work of the Holy Spirit (John 16:1-15): Jesus warns his disciples about the persecution they will face, assuring them that the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, will guide and comfort them. The Spirit will convict the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment. Jesus speaks of his impending departure but promises that his sorrow will turn to joy.
  2. Sorrow to Joy (John 16:16-24): Jesus uses the analogy of childbirth to explain the disciples' transition from sorrow to joy. He assures them that their grief will be turned into joy, comparing the joy of their future reunion with him to a woman's joy after giving birth.
  3. Prayer in Jesus' Name (John 16:25-33): Jesus encourages the disciples to ask the Father directly in his name. He assures them that the Father loves them and understands their needs. Jesus predicts that they will face tribulation in the world but encourages them to take heart because he has overcome the world.