John 18



This chapter in John marks the beginning of Jesus' trial and the events leading to his crucifixion. It highlights the betrayal by Judas, the denial by Peter, and the contrast between the actions of the religious leaders and the Roman authorities. The stage is set for the unfolding of the events that will lead to Jesus' crucifixion.


  1. Jesus' Betrayal and Arrest (John 18:1-14): Judas leads a cohort of soldiers and officers to the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus is praying. Judas betrays Jesus with a kiss, and Jesus is arrested. Peter impulsively draws a sword to defend Jesus but is rebuked by Jesus. Jesus willingly goes with the authorities.
  2. Jesus Before the High Priest (John 18:15-27): Jesus is taken to the house of the high priest, Caiaphas, for a preliminary hearing. Peter follows and denies knowing Jesus three times, fulfilling Jesus' earlier prediction. Meanwhile, Jesus is questioned by the religious authorities about his teachings.
  3. Jesus Before Pilate (John 18:28-40): Jesus is brought before Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor, for a formal trial. The Jews accuse Jesus of claiming to be a king and opposing Roman authority. Pilate questions Jesus but finds no basis for charges. However, to appease the crowd, he offers to release a prisoner during the Passover, but the crowd demands the release of Barabbas instead of Jesus.