John 3



This chapter is significant for its profound theological discussions, including the concept of spiritual rebirth and the central theme of salvation through belief in Jesus Christ. It also sets the stage for Jesus' ministry and the unfolding narrative in the Gospel of John.


  1. Nicodemus and the New Birth (John 3:1-15): Nicodemus, a Pharisee and member of the Jewish ruling council, visits Jesus at night. Jesus tells him that to see the kingdom of God, one must be born again—born of the Spirit. Jesus uses the analogy of Moses lifting up the serpent in the wilderness to explain that the Son of Man must be lifted up for salvation.

  2. God's Love and Salvation (John 3:16-21): Perhaps the most famous verse in the Bible, John 3:16, emphasizes God's love for the world, demonstrated by sending His Son for the salvation of humanity. Those who believe in Jesus will have eternal life, while those who reject him face judgment. The coming of Jesus brings a division between light and darkness.

  3. Further Testimony of John the Baptist (John 3:22-36): John the Baptist continues to testify about Jesus, stating that he must increase while John decreases. Jesus is above all, and those who believe in him have eternal life, while those who reject him face God's wrath.