John 5



This chapter highlights Jesus' miraculous healing and his claims of divinity and authority. It also introduces the theme of witnesses affirming Jesus' identity as the Son of God. The conflict with the religious leaders intensifies, foreshadowing the growing opposition to Jesus' ministry.


  1. Healing at the Pool of Bethesda (John 5:1-15): Jesus visits the Pool of Bethesda in Jerusalem, where many sick and disabled people gather. He heals a man who had been paralyzed for 38 years. This healing attracts the attention of the Jewish leaders, as it was done on the Sabbath.
  2. Jesus' Authority as the Son of God (John 5:16-30): The Jewish leaders confront Jesus about healing on the Sabbath, and he defends his actions, claiming to be working as the Father works. Jesus asserts his equality with God, emphasizing his authority to give life and judge humanity.
  3. Witnesses to Jesus (John 5:31-47): Jesus explains that his works, the testimony of John the Baptist, the Father, and the Scriptures all bear witness to his identity. He challenges the people to believe in Moses, as Moses wrote about him, yet they do not believe Moses' writings.