John 8



This chapter in John continues to emphasize Jesus' teachings, his identity, and the growing conflict between him and the religious authorities. The imagery of light, truth, and freedom plays a significant role in conveying the message of Jesus as the divine source of liberation and enlightenment.


  1. The Woman Caught in Adultery (John 8:1-11): A woman caught in adultery is brought to Jesus by the scribes and Pharisees, testing him and seeking to trap him. Jesus responds with the famous words, "Let him who is without sin among you be the first to throw a stone at her," and the accusers withdraw. Jesus forgives the woman and advises her to sin no more.

  2. Jesus, the Light of the World (John 8:12-20): Jesus declares himself as the light of the world, and the Pharisees challenge his testimony. Jesus speaks about his origin and warns that they will die in their sins unless they believe in him as the "I AM."

  3. The Children of Abraham (John 8:21-30): Jesus predicts his departure, and the Pharisees question whether he plans to kill himself. Jesus clarifies that they are from below, and he is from above. He asserts his divine identity, causing some to believe in him.

  4. The Truth Will Set You Free (John 8:31-59): Jesus tells those who believed in him that if they abide in his word, they are truly his disciples and will know the truth. The Jews, however, dispute his claim, and Jesus reveals his preexistence, stating, "Before Abraham was, I am." The religious leaders attempt to stone him, but Jesus escapes.