Luke 11



In Luke 11, Jesus emphasizes the significance of prayer, addresses accusations about his source of power, warns about the consequences of spiritual blindness, and confronts religious leaders for their hypocrisy. The chapter reinforces themes of repentance, persistence in prayer, and the need for genuine righteousness.


  1. The Disciples' Request for Teaching on Prayer (Luke 11:1-4): The chapter begins with the disciples asking Jesus to teach them how to pray. In response, Jesus provides them with the model prayer, commonly known as the Lord's Prayer.
  2. Parables and Teachings on Persistence in Prayer (Luke 11:5-13): Jesus uses parables to emphasize the importance of persistence in prayer. He tells the story of a friend who asks for bread at midnight and another about a father giving good gifts to his children. These stories underscore the idea that God responds to persistent prayer.
  3. Jesus Accused of Casting Out Demons by Beelzebul (Luke 11:14-26): Some accuse Jesus of casting out demons by the power of Beelzebul, the prince of demons. Jesus refutes this by explaining that a kingdom divided against itself cannot stand. He asserts that it is by the finger of God that he casts out demons, revealing the arrival of the Kingdom of God.
  4. The Sign of Jonah (Luke 11:29-32): Jesus responds to the demand for a sign by referring to the sign of Jonah. He compares Jonah's preaching to the response of the Ninevites with the coming judgment and the need for people to repent in response to his own ministry.
  5. The Lamp of the Body (Luke 11:33-36): Jesus uses the metaphor of a lamp to illustrate the importance of letting one's light shine and warns against the darkness that comes from spiritual blindness.
  6. Woes to the Pharisees and Lawyers (Luke 11:37-54): Jesus confronts the Pharisees and lawyers, criticizing them for their hypocrisy and legalism. He pronounces woes on them for neglecting justice, love, and the weightier matters of the law.





1. Anyabwile T. M. (2018). Exalting Jesus in Luke. Holman Reference.