Luke 2



Luke 2 underscores the humble circumstances of Jesus' birth, the divine announcement to the shepherds, and the early recognition of Jesus as the promised Messiah by Simeon and Anna. It sets the stage for the unfolding narrative of Jesus' life and ministry.


  1. The Census and Journey to Bethlehem (Luke 2:1-5): Caesar Augustus issues a decree for a census, requiring people to return to their ancestral homes. Joseph and a pregnant Mary, being of the house of David, travel to Bethlehem.
  2. The Birth of Jesus (Luke 2:6-7): Mary gives birth to Jesus in Bethlehem and lays him in a manger since there is no room in the inn.
  3. The Shepherds and the Angelic Announcement (Luke 2:8-20): Nearby shepherds receive a divine message from an angel announcing the birth of the Savior in Bethlehem. A multitude of angels then praises God, saying, "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among those with whom he is pleased." The shepherds visit the newborn Jesus, spreading the news.
  4. Circumcision and Presentation at the Temple (Luke 2:21-38): Jesus is circumcised on the eighth day and named. Mary and Joseph bring him to the temple for purification, encountering Simeon and Anna, two devout individuals who recognize Jesus as the Messiah.
  5. Return to Nazareth (Luke 2:39): After completing all the required rituals, Mary and Joseph return to Nazareth with the child Jesus.
  6. Jesus in the Temple (Luke 2:41-52): At the age of twelve, Jesus goes to Jerusalem for the Passover festival. His parents, after initially losing him, find him in the temple, where he is discussing matters with the teachers. Jesus expresses awareness of his divine identity and submits to his parents' authority.





1. Anyabwile T. M. (2018). Exalting Jesus in Luke. Holman Reference.