Luke 23



Luke 23 highlights the unjust trial, crucifixion, and death of Jesus, emphasizing themes of innocence, sacrifice, and the fulfillment of prophecy. The narrative sets the stage for the resurrection, offering hope and redemption to believers.


  1. Jesus Before Pilate (Luke 23:1-7): Jesus is brought before Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor, who finds no guilt in him but sends him to Herod.
  2. Jesus Before Herod (Luke 23:8-12): Herod questions Jesus but receives no answer. Herod and his soldiers mock Jesus and send him back to Pilate.
  3. Pilate's Attempt to Release Jesus (Luke 23:13-25): Pilate declares Jesus innocent but succumbs to the crowd's pressure, releasing Barabbas and sentencing Jesus to be crucified.
  4. The Crucifixion (Luke 23:26-43): Jesus carries the cross to Golgotha, where he is crucified between two criminals. One of the criminals recognizes Jesus' innocence, and Jesus promises him paradise.
  5. The Death of Jesus (Luke 23:44-49): Darkness covers the land as Jesus dies. The temple curtain is torn, signifying the access to God for all. A centurion acknowledges Jesus' innocence.
  6. Jesus' Burial (Luke 23:50-56): Joseph of Arimathea, a member of the Sanhedrin, requests and buries Jesus' body in a tomb before the Sabbath begins.





1. Anyabwile T. M. (2018). Exalting Jesus in Luke. Holman Reference.