Luke 3



Luke 3 establishes the context of Jesus' ministry by highlighting the preparatory work of John the Baptist, the divine affirmation at Jesus' baptism, and the genealogy that underscores Jesus' place in history and humanity. The chapter sets the stage for the public ministry of Jesus as he begins his mission.


  1. John the Baptist's Ministry (Luke 3:1-6): The chapter opens with a historical setting, mentioning key political and religious figures. Then, John the Baptist begins his ministry, preaching repentance and baptizing people for the forgiveness of sins. He quotes from the book of Isaiah, preparing the way for the Lord.

  2. Responses to John's Preaching (Luke 3:7-20): John confronts the religious leaders and crowds, urging them to bear fruits of repentance. He warns about God's judgment and emphasizes ethical living. The people, tax collectors, and even soldiers inquire about what they should do, and John provides practical guidance. John declares that the Messiah is coming and will baptize with the Holy Spirit and fire.
  3. Baptism of Jesus (Luke 3:21-22): Jesus comes to be baptized by John. As Jesus prays, the Holy Spirit descends on him in the form of a dove, and a voice from heaven declares, "You are my beloved Son; with you, I am well pleased." This event marks the beginning of Jesus' public ministry.
  4. Genealogy of Jesus (Luke 3:23-38): Luke provides a genealogy of Jesus, tracing it back to Adam. Unlike Matthew's genealogy, Luke traces the lineage through a different path, emphasizing Jesus' connection to all of humanity.




1. Anyabwile T. M. (2018). Exalting Jesus in Luke. Holman Reference.