Luke 4



Luke 4 illustrates Jesus' victory over temptation, the beginning of his ministry, and the initial responses to his teachings and miracles. It also foreshadows the rejection he will face, particularly in his hometown of Nazareth. This chapter sets the stage for the unfolding narrative of Jesus' public ministry and the impact it has on those who encounter him.


  1. Temptation in the Wilderness (Luke 4:1-13): Following his baptism, Jesus is led by the Holy Spirit into the wilderness, where he fasts for 40 days. The devil tempts him three times, but Jesus resists each temptation, quoting Scripture to emphasize his allegiance to God.
  2. Jesus Begins His Ministry in Galilee (Luke 4:14-15): Jesus, filled with the power of the Spirit, returns to Galilee. News about him spreads, and he begins teaching in synagogues, receiving praise from those who hear him.
  3. Jesus Rejected at Nazareth (Luke 4:16-30): Jesus goes to his hometown, Nazareth, and reads from the scroll of Isaiah in the synagogue, proclaiming that the Scriptures are fulfilled in him. The people initially speak well of him, but Jesus anticipates their rejection, citing instances where prophets were not accepted in their hometowns. The people become angry and attempt to harm him, but he miraculously passes through the crowd.
  4. Healing and Demon Expulsion (Luke 4:31-44): Jesus performs miracles in Capernaum, including healing a man with an unclean spirit and Peter's mother-in-law. News of his healing power spreads, and people bring their sick to him. Jesus continues to preach in the synagogues of Galilee.





1. Anyabwile T. M. (2018). Exalting Jesus in Luke. Holman Reference.