Mark 12



Mark 12 covers a range of topics, including parables, discussions about taxes, the resurrection, the greatest commandment, and Jesus' critique of religious leaders. These events contribute to the narrative of Jesus' ministry and the increasing tension with religious authorities.


  1. Parable of the Vineyard Owner (Mark 12:1-12): Jesus tells a parable about a vineyard owner who sends servants to collect fruit from his tenants. The tenants mistreat and kill the owner's representatives, symbolizing Israel's rejection of God's messengers, including the prophets.
  2. Paying Taxes to Caesar (Mark 12:13-17): Religious leaders try to trap Jesus by asking about paying taxes to Caesar. Jesus responds with the famous statement "Give back to Caesar what is Caesar's, and to God what is God's."
  3. Question about the Resurrection (Mark 12:18-27): Sadducees, who do not believe in the resurrection, question Jesus about a hypothetical scenario involving marriage and the afterlife. Jesus affirms the reality of the resurrection.
  4. The Greatest Commandment (Mark 12:28-34): A scribe asks Jesus about the greatest commandment. Jesus responds with the Shema, emphasizing love for God and neighbor. He declares that these two commandments summarize the entire Law.
  5. Whose Son is the Christ? (Mark 12:35-37): Jesus questions the traditional understanding of the Messiah as merely the son of David, pointing to a deeper reality about the Messiah's divine nature.
  6. Warning Against the Scribes (Mark 12:38-40): Jesus criticizes the scribes for their hypocrisy, highlighting their love of recognition and exploitation of widows.
  7. The Widow's Offering (Mark 12:41-44): Jesus praises a poor widow who, despite her poverty, gives all she has as an offering. He contrasts her sacrificial giving with the ostentatious offerings of the wealthy.