Matthew 16



Matthew 16 emphasizes the recognition of Jesus as the Messiah, the importance of his death and resurrection, the challenge of discipleship, the Transfiguration, and the power of faith. This chapter marks a turning point in the narrative, with Jesus increasingly revealing the nature of his mission and the path to true discipleship.


  1. Demand for a Sign (Matthew 15:39-16:4): Pharisees and Sadducees request a sign from Jesus. He refuses, emphasizing the signs already given and condemning their spiritual blindness. He warns his disciples to beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees, referring to their false teachings.

  2. Peter's Confession (Matthew 16:13-20): Jesus asks his disciples who people say he is, and then he specifically asks them, "But who do you say that I am?" Peter responds with a powerful confession, declaring that Jesus is "the Messiah, the Son of the living God." Jesus affirms Peter's confession, stating that this revelation came from God, and he blesses Peter, calling him the "rock" on which he will build his church.

  3. Jesus Foretells His Death and Resurrection (Matthew 16:21-28): Jesus begins to disclose to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem, suffer, be killed, and rise again on the third day. Peter rebukes Jesus for speaking about his impending death, but Jesus sharply corrects Peter, asserting that his mission requires suffering. He then teaches about the cost of discipleship, emphasizing the need to deny oneself, take up the cross, and follow him.

  4. Taking up Your Cross (Matthew 16:24-28): Jesus lays out the seriousness of what it means to follow Him.