Matthew 21



Matthew 21 presents a series of events and teachings that highlight Jesus' authority, his role as the Messiah, and the increasing tension between him and the religious leaders as he approaches his crucifixion.


  1. Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem (Matthew 21:1-11): Jesus instructs his disciples to fetch a donkey and a colt, fulfilling the prophecy of Zechariah. He enters Jerusalem to cheers of "Hosanna," with crowds spreading their cloaks and palm branches on the road, symbolizing the recognition of Jesus as the promised Messiah.
  2. Cleansing of the Temple (Matthew 21:12-17): Jesus enters the temple and drives out the money changers and those selling animals for sacrifice. He declares that the temple is to be a house of prayer, not a den of robbers. The blind and lame come to him in the temple, and he heals them.
  3. Cursing of the Fig Tree (Matthew 21:18-22): Jesus encounters a fig tree without fruit and curses it, symbolizing the judgment on unproductive Israel. The withering of the fig tree serves as an illustration of the power of faith in prayer.
  4. Authority of Jesus Questioned (Matthew 21:23-27): The chief priests and elders challenge Jesus' authority. In response, Jesus asks them about John the Baptist's authority, exposing their unwillingness to acknowledge the truth.
  5. Parable of the Two Sons (Matthew 21:28-32): Jesus tells a parable about two sons. One initially refuses to work in the vineyard but later repents and goes, while the other agrees to go but doesn't. The parable illustrates the contrast between outward religious appearance and genuine obedience.
  6. Parable of the Wicked Tenants (Matthew 21:33-46): Jesus tells a parable about wicked tenants who reject and kill the owner's servants and even his son. This parable predicts the rejection of the prophets and Jesus by the religious leaders and foreshadows the consequences that will follow.
  7. The Stone the Builders Rejected (Matthew 21:42-46): Jesus quotes Psalm 118, identifying himself as the stone rejected by the builders but destined to become the cornerstone. He emphasizes that the Kingdom of God will be taken away from the religious leaders and given to a people who will produce its fruit.