Matthew 22



In Matthew 22, Jesus encounters various challenges from different religious groups and responds with wisdom, emphasizing the importance of love for God and others, the reality of the resurrection, and his own identity as the Messiah.


  1. The Parable of the Wedding Feast (Matthew 22:1-14): Jesus tells a parable about a king who invites guests to a wedding feast for his son. Those initially invited refuse to come, so the king invites others from the streets. One guest, however, is found without wedding clothes and is cast out, symbolizing the importance of being prepared for the kingdom of heaven.
  2. Paying Taxes to Caesar (Matthew 22:15-22): The Pharisees and Herodians try to trap Jesus by asking if it is lawful to pay taxes to Caesar. Jesus responds with the famous line "Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's," highlighting the distinction between worldly and spiritual obligations.
  3. The Sadducees and the Resurrection (Matthew 22:23-33): The Sadducees, who did not believe in the resurrection, question Jesus about marriage in the afterlife. Jesus responds by affirming the resurrection and correcting their understanding of it.
  4. The Greatest Commandment (Matthew 22:34-40): A Pharisee asks Jesus about the greatest commandment in the Law. Jesus responds by summarizing the entire Law into two commandments: to love God with all one's heart, soul, and mind, and to love one's neighbor as oneself.
  5. Jesus' Question about David's Son (Matthew 22:41-46): Jesus poses a question to the Pharisees about the identity of the Messiah, referencing Psalm 110. He challenges their understanding of the Messiah and establishes his authority.