Revelation 16



Revelation 16 details the pouring out of the seven bowl judgments, each bringing escalating levels of divine wrath upon the earth. The judgments include painful sores, the turning of the sea and water sources into blood, scorching heat, darkness, the drying up of the Euphrates, and a catastrophic earthquake. Despite these intense judgments, there is a persistent refusal by many to repent and acknowledge God's sovereignty. The chapter sets the stage for the climactic events leading to the final battle, often associated with Armageddon.


  1. The First Bowl - Sores on Those with the Mark of the Beast (Revelation 16:1-2): The first angel pours out his bowl, causing painful sores to afflict those who have the mark of the beast and worship its image. This plague is a manifestation of God's judgment on those who have aligned themselves with the evil powers.
  2. The Second Bowl - The Sea Turns to Blood (Revelation 16:3): The second angel pours out his bowl into the sea, turning it into blood. This results in the death of every living creature in the sea, emphasizing the severity of God's judgment.
  3. The Third Bowl - The Rivers and Springs Turn to Blood (Revelation 16:4-7): The third angel pours out his bowl into the rivers and springs of water, turning them into blood. An angel declares that this judgment is a righteous response to the shedding of the blood of the saints and prophets.
  4. The Fourth Bowl - Scorching Heat (Revelation 16:8-9): The fourth angel pours out his bowl, causing the sun to scorch people with intense heat. Despite the suffering, people refuse to repent and glorify God.
  5. The Fifth Bowl - Darkness and Pain (Revelation 16:10-11): The fifth angel pours out his bowl, plunging the kingdom of the beast into darkness. This darkness causes intense pain, yet people blaspheme God instead of repenting.
  6. The Sixth Bowl - Euphrates Dried Up (Revelation 16:12-16): The sixth angel pours out his bowl on the Euphrates River, drying it up to prepare the way for the kings of the east. Three unclean spirits go out to gather the nations for the battle of Armageddon.
  7. The Seventh Bowl - The Great Earthquake (Revelation 16:17-21): The seventh angel pours out his bowl, resulting in a great earthquake, unprecedented in its magnitude. Cities collapse, islands vanish, and hailstones weighing about 100 pounds fall on humanity. Despite this, people continue to blaspheme God, indicating their refusal to repent.