Revelation 20



Revelation 20 describes the binding of Satan, the reign of Christ with His saints, the defeat of Satan and the final judgment, and the introduction of the new heaven and new earth. The chapter emphasizes the ultimate triumph of God's justice and the eternal bliss of those who belong to Him.


  1. The Binding of Satan (Revelation 20:1-3): An angel descends from heaven, seizes Satan, and binds him in chains for a thousand years. During this period, Satan is prevented from deceiving the nations. This thousand-year period is commonly referred to as the Millennium.
  2. The First Resurrection and the Reign of the Saints (Revelation 20:4-6): John sees thrones, and those who had been martyred for their faith are resurrected to reign with Christ for a thousand years. This is the first resurrection. The rest of the dead do not come to life until the thousand years are ended. Those who participate in the first resurrection are blessed and holy.
  3. The Release and Defeat of Satan (Revelation 20:7-10): After the thousand years, Satan is released from his imprisonment and deceives the nations, gathering them for battle against the saints and the beloved city. However, fire comes down from heaven, consuming the enemies. Satan is then thrown into the lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and false prophet also reside, and they will be tormented day and night forever.
  4. The Final Judgment (Revelation 20:11-15): John sees a great white throne, and the dead, both small and great, stand before God. The books are opened, including the Book of Life. The dead are judged according to their works. Death and Hades are thrown into the lake of fire, which is the second death. Anyone not found written in the Book of Life is also cast into the lake of fire.
  5. The New Heaven and New Earth (Revelation 21:1-8): John sees a vision of a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth have passed away. The holy city, the New Jerusalem, descends from heaven. God dwells with His people, wiping away every tear, and there is no more death, sorrow, or pain. Those who overcome inherit all things, and they are the children of God.